What do the terms “transplantation,” “therapy,” “research,” and “education” mean in relation to organ, eye and tissue donation?

According to the Uniform Law Commission, Section 4 of the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA) delineates the four purposes for which an anatomical gift may be made, namely, transplantation, therapy, research, or education. The terms “transplantation,” “therapy,” “research,” and “education” are not specifically defined in the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act. Rather, they are defined by their common usage in the communities to which they apply. In general terms, transplantation refers to the removal and grafting of one individual’s body part to the body of another individual. Therapy involves the processing and use of a donated part to develop and provide improvement or treatment for a disease or condition. Research is a process of testing and observing, the goal of which is to obtain generalizable knowledge. Education is the use of the whole body or parts to teach medical professionals and others about human anatomy and its characteristics.

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